Dementia among older patients attending National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)- Haq AI et al.

Dementia has become the focus of attention of health care professionals’ worldwide. The objective of the study was to find out the proportion of dementia among older patients as well as to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with dementia attending National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. This was a cross sectional study conducted in NIMH during the period from 1st November 2014 to 30th April 2015. For this purpose, 78 elderly patients aged e”60 years attending both in outpatient and inpatient departments of NIMH, satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected by convenient sampling technique. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using semi-structured questionnaire. Cognitive impairment was assessed by Bengali version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and dementia was diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). The results showed that most of the patients (51.3%) were in between the ages of 60 to 64 years with male predominance (56.4%). The mean (± SD) age of the patients was 66.84 (±5.49) years. Among the patients 43.6 % came from urban area, 39.7% from the family with monthly income within 30001-45000 Bangladeshi taka (BDT) and 53.9% had family members in between 4 to 6. Among them 61.5% patients were married, 43.6% were retired from service, 32.1% studied up to primary level and 62.8% had caregivers. Most of them (88.5%) scored between 24-30 in Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and only 5.1% respondents had dementia. This study has provided baseline information about the proportion of dementia among elderly patients in Bangladesh that can be used in future studies. Bang J Psychiatry 2015;29(1):5-9

Psychiatric morbidity among patients in cardiac outpatient department- Sultana B et al.

Psychiatric morbidity among patients attending cardiac outpatient department has been revealed as a significant problem in many studies. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of psychiatric morbidity among cardiac outdoor patients in National Institute of Cardio-Vascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. It was a cross-sectional study conducted from September 2015 to February 2016 among the purposively selected patients of NICVD outdoor. Convenient sampling technique was used to select 151 patients aged 18 to 65 years who were attending the cardiac outpatient department in NICVD, Dhaka. A semi-structured questionnaire including Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) was used to screen psychiatric symptoms. Results showed that the mean (+SD) age of the patients was 46.09 (+11.17) years and majority of the respondents (60.9%) were male. The most common cardiac morbidity was ischemic heart disease (29.8%). Among all the respondents, 21.9% were suffering from psychiatric disorders. Maximum of the cases were diagnosed with major depressive disorder (11.3%). Thus, it was apparent that psychiatric morbidity was commonly present in patients who attended cardiac outpatient departments. Bang J Psychiatry 2015;29(1):1-4

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